Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter, Homalodisca vitripennis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)

  • Tobin D. Northfield
  • Russell F. MizellIII
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_1109

The glassy-winged sharpshooter, Homalodisca vitripennis (Germar) feeds on xylem fluid and is damaging to crops and ornamentals through the transmission of Xylella fastidiosa, a bacterium that causes phony peach disease, Pierce’s disease in grapes, and leaf scorch in almond, plum, elm and oak. In Brazil, a strain of X. fastidiosa causes citrus variegated chlorosis, but the current geographic range of the strain does not overlap that of H. vitripennis. Homalodisca vitripennis is native to the southeastern United States, and in the late 1980s or early 1990s spread from Texas to southern California, where Pierce’s disease caused $30 million in damage to California vineyards from 1994 to 2000. In California, H. vitripennisis a more important vector than the native species because it spreads the disease further into vineyards from surrounding vegetation. Furthermore, in the southeastern United States only muscadine grapes are grown successfully, because only the muscadine varieties are...

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References

  1. Purcell AH, Hopkins DL (1996) Fastidious xylem-limited bacterial plant pathogens. Annu Rev Phytopathol 34:131–151PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Redak RA, Purcell AH, Lopes JRS, Blua MJ, Mizell RF, Andersen PC (2004) The biology of xylem fluid-feeding insect vectors of Xylella fastidiosa and their relation to disease epidemiology. Annu Rev Entomol 49:243–270PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Turner WF, Pollard HN (1959) Life histories and behavior of five insect vectors of phony peach disease. USDA Tech Bull 1188:1–27Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tobin D. Northfield
    • 1
  • Russell F. MizellIII
    • 1
  1. 1.University of FloridaQuincyUSA