Encyclopedia of Public Health

2008 Edition
| Editors: Wilhelm Kirch

Rubella Vaccination, Passive

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5614-7_3075

Synonyms

Application of rubella immune globulin; Rubella immune prophylaxis; Application of German measles immune globulin; German measles immune prophylaxis; Three-day measles immune globulin; Three-day measles immune prophylaxis

Definition

In general, German measles is an infectious disease with a harmless course, but for unborn babies in the womb it is very dangerous. Prenatal infection can lead to the congenital rubella syndrome (CRS or Gregg's syndrome), which is associated with low birth weight, deafness, cataract and heart defects. At the beginning of a pregnancy the woman's immune status against rubella is checked by determination of the amount of  antibodies (titer). In the case of a low or a missing immune status a passive rubella vaccination should be given when the pregnant woman has come into contact with German measles.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008