Encyclopedia of Public Health

2008 Edition
| Editors: Wilhelm Kirch

Respect for Persons

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5614-7_3015

Definition

As a basic  ethical principle in research, respect for individuals was clearly defined in the  Belmont report in 1979 in the USA by the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. Respects for persons incorporates two ethical considerations:

a) respect for  autonomy, which requires that those who are capable of deliberation about their personal choices should have their capacity for self‐determination respected; and

b) protection of persons with impaired or diminished autonomy, which requires that those who are dependent or vulnerable be afforded security against harm or abuse.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008