Respect for Persons
As a basic ethical principle in research, respect for individuals was clearly defined in the Belmont report in 1979 in the USA by the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. Respects for persons incorporates two ethical considerations:
a) respect for autonomy, which requires that those who are capable of deliberation about their personal choices should have their capacity for self‐determination respected; and
b) protection of persons with impaired or diminished autonomy, which requires that those who are dependent or vulnerable be afforded security against harm or abuse.