Encyclopedia of Public Health

2008 Edition
| Editors: Wilhelm Kirch

Reservoir of Infection

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5614-7_3006


The reservoir is the natural habitat of the infectious agent. It may be any person, animal, plant, soil, or substance in which an infectious agent normally lives and multiplies. The reservoir typically harbors the infectious agent without injury to itself and serves as a source from which other individuals can be infected. The infectious agent depends primarily on the reservoir for survival.

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© Springer-Verlag 2008