Encyclopedia of Public Health

2008 Edition
| Editors: Wilhelm Kirch

Reproductive Health

  • Beate Schücking
  • Brigitte Borrmann
  • Susan Erikson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5614-7_2999

Definitions

Reproductive health refers to the complete physical, mental and social well-being in all matters concerning the reproductive system, its functions and processes. Reproductive morbidity may be divided into three categories: obstetric/maternal morbidity (related to pregnancy and childbirth), contraceptive morbidity (complications with methods of birth control) and gynecologic morbidity (endocrine disorders, infertility, cancer, sexual dysfunction, symptoms related to the  menstrual cycle and  menopause, sexually transmitted infections).

Healthy sexuality and reproduction involves safe, satisfying behavior and experience. Reproductively healthy people are able to reproduce, and enjoy the freedom to decide if, when, and how to reproduce. Both sexual and reproductive health is influenced by the availability of necessary resources, individual decision‐making, and environmental contexts. Sexuality and reproductive concerns change over a person's lifetime; thus, gender and...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. 1.
    Beckermann MJ (2004) Frauen-Heilkunde und Geburts-Hilfe: Integration von evidence-based medicine in eine frauenzentrierte Gynäkologie. Schwabe, BaselGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cunningham G, Levena KJ, Bloom SL, Hauth JC, Gilstrap LC, Wenstrom KD (eds) (2005) Williams Obstetrics. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Enkin M, Keirse MJNC, Renfrew M, Neilson J (2000) Guide to Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Schneider H, Husslein P, Schneider KTM (2006) Die Geburtshilfe. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    United Nations (UN) (2003) World Population Monitoring Report 2002: Reproductive Rights and Reproductive Health. Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. ST/ESA/Ser.A/215. United Nations, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wagner M (1994) Pursuing the Birth Machine. ACE Graphics, CamperdownGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    World Health Organization (WHO) (2004) Reproductive Health. Report by the Secretariat. A57/13, 15. April 2004Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beate Schücking
    • 1
  • Brigitte Borrmann
    • 1
  • Susan Erikson
    • 1
  1. 1.Forschungsschwerpunkt Maternal Health, FB 8 Humanwissenschaften/GesundheitswissenschaftenUniversität OsnabrückOsnabrückGermany