Encyclopedia of Public Health

2008 Edition
| Editors: Wilhelm Kirch

Radiation Oncology

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5614-7_2911


Radiation therapy; Radiotherapy


Radiation oncology is concerned with the use of high-energy rays to damage cancer cells and stop them from growing and dividing. It is usually a local treatment targeted at the cancer cells in the affected area. The  side effects of radiation therapy depend on the dose of treatment and part of the body treated, and might include tiredness, skin reactions, loss of appetite, decrease in white blood cells, and inflammation of tissues and organs in and around the body site irradiated.

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© Springer-Verlag 2008