Ethnobotany in Pakistan

  • Zabta K. Shinwar
  • Anwar Nasim
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_9620

Ethnobotany is a very broad discipline and covers all types of human–plant interactions. It is the study of how the people of a particular culture and region make use of plants. However, there are also other definitions, such as the use of plants in early societies.

One cannot separate poverty from threats to biodiversity conservation. Pakistan is a developing country with 150 million people. Each child born inherits an average debt of Rs. 4,400 (US $80). About 32% of Pakistan's population has a monthly income of Rs. 650 (US $11). Infant mortality is 83.3 per thousand (compared to Thailand's 28, Indonesia's 41, Bangladesh's 60). Global borrowing, shrinking incomes, diseases, lower average ages, and greater mortality are all moving the majority of the world's population to desperation.

Pakistan has varied climatic and ecological zones and topography along with vast floral diversity. It contains nearly 6,000 species of flowering plants of which 70% are uniregional. Pakistan has four...
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zabta K. Shinwar
  • Anwar Nasim

There are no affiliations available