Ethnobotany in Ethiopia

  • Mesfin Tadesse
Reference work entry

Ethiopia is located in the horn of Africa between 3°N and 15°N latitude and 33°E and 48°E longitude. Generally the central parts of the country are mountainous with the highest mountain peak, i.e., 4,620 m, being at Ras Dejen (Ras Daschen) in the Semien Mountains. The coastal areas are low‐lying plains. An area in the northeastern part of the country called the Afar depression is about 115 m below sea level.


The beginning of an organized study of the plant resources of Ethiopia can be traced to about 1,850 when Achille Richard (1847–1851) described the first flora of the country. Tentamen Florae Abyssinicae consists of descriptions of about 1,700 species of plants from particularly the northern parts of the country. This was followed, a hundred years later, by the work of Cufodontis (1952–1972), Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta. Almost 20 years after the completion of this checklist, the Flora of Ethiopia and later on the Flora of Ethiopia and Eritreawas started....

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For Further Reading

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  • Mesfin Tadesse

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