Environment and Nature in Africa

  • Marina Tolmacheva
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_8563

Africa's location astride the equator subjects the continent's environment to tropical and subtropical conditions. Mean temperatures range above 15°C in the winter and above 25°C in the summer. During the northern summer the weather is hot and wet over Central Africa and the Guinea coast, arid conditions prevail over northern and most of southern Africa, and the east coast is affected by the southwest monsoon. During the northern winter the Sahara and the Mediterranean are affected by the westward flows of warm dry air, and the northeast monsoon regulates the weather over the east coast; warm rainy conditions prevail elsewhere except along the southwest coast. The surrounding waters have mean sea‐surface temperatures above 20°C but regional peculiarities distinguish the coastal zones: the Guinea coast with its abnormal subhumid conditions; the hyperarid southwest coast with the cool and foggy Namib desert; the temperate Cape zone; the east coast affected by the monsoon winds and...

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  • Marina Tolmacheva

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