Watkins, Norman David (1934–1977)
Reference work entry
Norman Watkins (Figure W1) was an innovative and dynamic paleomagnetist who in just a few years attained international recognition and high praise for his work. As a student in geophysics and paleomagnetism during the period when the polarity timescale was first being developed he experienced first hand the plate tectonics revolution in the earth sciences. He was among the first to develop a modern paleomagnetism laboratory, initially with spinner magnetometers developed during the middle‐late 1960s, and then adding one of the first cryogenic magnetometers to his laboratory in 1972. In his short lifetime he published over 100 refereed publications (and hundreds of other works), received six academic degrees, rose to the rank of professor of oceanography at the Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, was continuously funded by NSF from 1963 until his death in 1977 (grant funding starting before he received his Ph.D.), and served as the division director of the...
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