Encyclopedia of Lakes and Reservoirs

2012 Edition
| Editors: Lars Bengtsson, Reginald W. Herschy, Rhodes W. Fairbridge

Everglades, Florida, USA

  • Fred H. Sklar
  • Thomas D. Fontaine
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4410-6_80

Introduction

The “river of grass” label often attributed to the Everglades (Douglas, 1947) still holds true in many parts of this impressive subtropical wetland system, and is clearly visible to those who have flown over South Florida. From the ground, the river of grass is also apparent but the distinctive landscape patterns are less easily detected. In reality, the Everglades landscape contains a multitude of wetland types including sawgrass (Cladium spp) marshes, sloughs, marl- and peat-based wet prairies, tree islands, pinelands, and, at its southernmost extreme, mangroves and the Florida Bay estuary. Before major human influence, the Everglades landscape was even more diverse and included custard apple swamps, short-hydroperiod wet prairies, and cypress strands (Davis et al., 1994).

Access to this wetland system is difficult. Airboat travel is the norm, and aside from the limited geographical area covered by tourist concession airboats, few venture deep into the interior wetlands....

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Bibliography

  1. Davis, S. M., Gunderson, L. H., Park, W. A., et al., 1994. Landscape dimension, composition, and function in a changing Everglades ecosystem. In Davis, S. M., and Ogden, J. C. (eds.), Everglades: The Ecosystem and Its Restoration. Delray Beach: St Lucie Press. 826 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Douglas, M. S., 1947. The Everglades: River of Grass (revised edn., 1988). Sarasota: Pineapple Press, 448 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Light, S., and Dineen, W., 1994. Water control in the Everglades: a historical perspective. In Davis, S. M., and Ogden, J. C. (eds.), Everglades: The Ecosystem and its Restoration. Delray Beach: St Lucie Press, pp. 47–84.Google Scholar
  4. Ogden, J. C., 1994. A comparison of wading bird nesting colony dynamics (1931–1946 and 1974–1989) as an indication of eco-system conditions in the southern Everglades. In Davis, S. M., and Ogden, J. C. (eds.), Everglades: The Ecosystem and its Restoration. Delray Beach: St Lucie Press, pp. 533–570.Google Scholar
  5. Sklar, F. H., et al., 2005. The scientific and political underpinnings of Everglades restoration. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 3(3), 161–169.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Everglades DivisionSouth Florida Water Management DistrictWest Palm BeachUSA
  2. 2.Western Ecology DivisionUS EPACorvallisUSA