Spring: a localized discharge of groundwater disgorging from a point source.
Seep: multisource discharge of groundwater as a “spring line” or a broad, diffuse wet area.
Spring-fed river: a drainage way that may contain perennial flow sourced by groundwater despite a negative hydrologic budget.
Spring-fed wetland: an area sourced by groundwater that comprises perennially damp ground and/or standing, shallow water supporting aquatic vegetation.
Aquifer: a geologic formation that contains sufficient saturated permeable material to yield significant quantities of water to springs or wells.
Geology of springs
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