Encyclopedia of Geoarchaeology

2017 Edition
| Editors: Allan S. Gilbert

Sedimentology

  • Katherine A. Adelsberger
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4409-0_160

Definitions

The scientific study of sediment and sedimentary rocks.

The study of material found at the earth’s surface and composed of unlithified rock fragments, chemical precipitates, or biogenic matter.

Sedimentology in geoarchaeology

Introduction

Sediments serve as the primary matrix for most archaeological materials (Goldberg and Macphail, 2006), and they are therefore the main focus of much geoarchaeological research. Although the broader earth science definition of sedimentology includes the study and classification of sediments and sedimentary rocks, in many cases geoarchaeology deals almost exclusively with sediment alone due to the unconsolidated sedimentary nature of many late Quaternary geologic settings, the generally loosely deposited materials that make up archaeological sites themselves, and the nature of the questions geoarchaeologists commonly ask. The majority of the sedimentary concepts are the same in both geology and geoarchaeology, but those interested in...

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environmental Studies, Douglas and Maria Bayer Chair in Earth ScienceKnox CollegeGalesburgUSA