Encyclopedia of Geoarchaeology

2017 Edition
| Editors: Allan S. Gilbert


  • Carolina MallolEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4409-0_113


‘Ubeidiya is a Lower Pleistocene archaeological site located in the Jordan Valley, 3 km south of the shores of the present-day Sea of Galilee (Figure 1). The site represents a fluviolacustrine stratified sequence of tilted graben sediments known as the ‘Ubeidiya Formation (Picard and Baida, 1966). This formation, which has been dated by paleomagnetism and biochronology to ca. 1.6–1.2 Ma (Tchernov, 1986, 1987; Braun et al., 1991; Verosub and Tchernov, 1991; Heimann and Braun, 2000; Belmaker et al., 2002; Feibel, 2004; Sagi et al., 2005), is faulted and folded as part of an anticline that strikes to the NNE, forming minor anticlines and synclines at the site. As a result, the ‘Ubeidiya stratigraphic layers are tilted, some of them up to 90°. The ‘Ubeidiya Formation comprises four members representing an alternation of fluvial (F) and limnic (L) facies with a total thickness of about 154 m; in stratigraphic order from lower to upper, they are Li (52 m), Fi (20–30 m), Lu (56...
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Geografía e HistoriaUniversidad de La LagunaTenerifeSpain