Pre-Clovis geoarchaeology involves the geoarchaeological investigation of the material remains of people predating the Clovis complex in the Americas – i.e., before 11,500 14C years BP (Haynes, 1993; cf., Haynes et al., 2007; Waters and Stafford, 2007; and Waters et al., 2015 for further discussion). Typically, geoarchaeological investigations of this kind must study the context of the material remains embedded within geologic strata and interpret the depositional history and postdepositional alterations at the site and, occasionally, the archaeometric aspects of the finds, such as determining chronology.
The geoarchaeological investigation of pre-Clovis sites in the Americas began long before the term “geoarchaeology” was commonly used (Rapp and Gifford, 1982) and before the Clovis projectile point type was formally defined (Cotter, 1937; Howard, 1943). Throughout the history of scientific archaeology in the Americas, archaeological sites indicating...
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