Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Tsunami

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_56

Synonyms

Seismic sea-wave; Tidal wave (obsolete)

Definition

Tsunami. From Japanese tsu, harbor, and nami, wave. A wave, or series of waves, generated when a large volume of water is vertically/horizontally displaced by an impulsive disturbance such as an earthquake, landslide, or volcanic eruption. Tsunami are distinguished from regular sea waves by their long wavelength and period. “Tsunami” and “tsunamis” are both used for the plural in English. There is no pluralizing suffix “s” used in the Japanese language.

Tsunami run-up height. The elevation above sea level at a point along the maximum inundation extent of a tsunami. The sea level datum should be specified; often the ambient sea level at the time of the tsunami is used.

Tsunami run-up distance. The horizontal distance from the coast line to a point along the maximum inundation extent of a tsunami.

Tsunami wave height. The height of a tsunami wave, measured either relative to the ambient sea level or from the peak to the trough...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earthquakes, Volcanoes and TectonicsGNS ScienceLower HuttNew Zealand
  2. 2.GNS ScienceLower HuttNew Zealand