Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Triggered Earthquakes

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_55


Under certain suitable geological conditions, anthropogenic activity can trigger or induce earthquakes. The triggered/induced earthquakes are known to have occurred due to gold and coal mining, petroleum production, filling of artificial water reservoirs, high-pressure liquid injection into ground, and natural gas production. The largest triggered, scientifically accepted earthquake of magnitude 6.3 occurred on December 10, 1967 in the vicinity of Koyna Dam near the west coast of India. It is debated whether the M 7 Gazli earthquakes of May 1976 and March 19, 1984 were induced due to the production of large quantities of gas at the Gazli Oil Field in Uzbekistan. A good account of the above and the mechanism of triggered/induced seismicity can be found in a review by McGarr et al. (2002).

Triggered vis-a-vis induced earthquakes

For a long time, the adjectives “induced” and “triggered” were used interchangeably whenever one talked of artificially simulated earthquakes....

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Government of India, NDMA BhawanNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.National Geophysical Research InstituteHyderabadIndia