Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky


  • Erik Eberhardt
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_51


Clinometers; Tilt sensors


Tiltmeters are devices used to monitor the change in inclination of a ground surface point; see Dunnicliff (1993) for a detailed description. The device consists of a gravity sensing transducer (e.g., servo-accelerometer, electrolytic tilt sensor, pendulum-actuated vibrating wire, etc.) capable of measuring changes in inclination as small as one arc second (0.00028 degrees). They are used to monitor slope movements where the landslide failure mode is expected to contain a rotational component. Advantages of using tiltmeters are their light weight, simple operation, and relatively low cost; tiltmeters can be read manually or automated by connecting to a data logger.



  1. Dunnicliff, L., 1993. Geotechnical Instrumentation for Monitoring Field Performance. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geological Engineering, Department of Earth & Ocean SciencesUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada