Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Tectonic and Tectono-Seismic Hazards

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_48


Tectonic Hazard: Threats to humans and infrastructure posed by tectonic processes.

Tectono-Seismic Hazards: The subset of tectonic hazards that occurs during and immediately after an earthquake.

Tectonic versus tectono-seismic hazards

Tectonics is the field of study within geology concerned with structures within the lithosphere (faults, folds), and particularly with the forces and movements that have created such structures. Tectonic processes include the various movements of the Earth’s crust, such as slip along active geologic structures, the vertical warping of the crust due to loading or unloading, or the movement of molten rock (magma). Such processes can be slow or rapid, although slow processes rarely result in life-threatening disasters (see  Geological/Geophysical Disasters).

Tectonic hazards result from three general types of physical processes:
  1. 1.

    Rapid fault rupture and its associated earthquake (see  Fault;  Earthquake). These hazards are often referred to as...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Gilbert, G.K., 1890. Lake Bonneville. Washington, DC: U.S. Geological Survey, Monograph 1, p. 438.Google Scholar
  2. Lee, W. H. K., Kanamori, H., Jennings, P. C., and Kisslinger, K. (eds.), 2003. The International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, Part B. Orlando, FL: Academic. p. 1942.Google Scholar
  3. Morner, N.-A., 2003. Paleoseismicity of Sweden; A Novel Paradigm. Sweden: Paleogeophysics & Geodynamics, Stockholm University. p. 320.Google Scholar
  4. NGDC, 1997. Geologic Hazard Photos. Washington, DC: National Geophysical Data Center, U.S. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. 3 CD-ROMs.Google Scholar
  5. Plafker, G., 1969. Tectonics of the March 27, 1964 Alaska Earthquake. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 543-I, Washington, DC, pp. I1–I74.Google Scholar
  6. Vita-Finzi, C., 1986. Recent Earth Movements-An Introduction to Neotectonics. Orlando, FL: Academic. 226 p.Google Scholar
  7. Youd, T.L., 1980, Ground failure displacement and earthquake damage to buildings. In Proceedings of 2nd ASCE Conference On Civil Engineering and Nuclear Power, Knoxville, Tennessee, September 15–17, 1980, p. 26.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GEO-HAZ Consulting Inc.CrestoneUSA