Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Tangshan, China (1976 Earthquake)

  • Zhengwen Zeng
  • Chenghu Wang
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_47

Introduction

Seismic characteristics

The 1976 Tangshan Earthquake occurred at 03:42:56 a.m. on July 28, 1976 (local time). The epicenter was on Jixiang Road, Lunan District, Tangshan City, Hebei Province, China (Figure  1); geographic coordinates is 39.63°N 118.18°E. The focal depth was about 11 km. The sequence of the 1976 Tangshan Earthquake included five major events: two of magnitude >Ms 7, and three between Ms 6 and Ms 7. The Main seismic parameters of Tangshan Earthquake are as shown in Table  1, and the statistics of the earthquake sequence is in Table  2.
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Bibliography

  1. Guo, A., 2008. The Giant Tangshan Earthquake in China. Xi’an, China: Shaanxi Science Technology Press.Google Scholar
  2. Li, S., et al., 1957. China seismic zoning map and explanation. Journal of Geophysics, 6(2), 113–150.Google Scholar
  3. State Construction Committee Institute of Architecture Science, 1974. Codes for Earthquake Resistant Design of Industrial and Civil Buildings (TJ11-14). Beijing, China: Architecture Industry Press.Google Scholar
  4. Zou, Q., Su, T., and Ge, Z., 1990. Social and Economic Impacts of Tangshan Earthquake. Beijing, China: Academic Publication Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geology and Geological EngineeringUniversity of North DakotaGrand ForksUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Crustal DynamicsChina Earthquake AdministrationBeijingChina