Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Global Change and Its Implications for Natural Disasters

  • Gonéri Le Cozannet
  • Hormoz Modaressi
  • Nicolas Desramaut
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_157

Definition

Global change refers to environmental and societal transformations, including those affecting the Earth system as a whole such as climate change (Field et al., 2012) or ozone hole depletion (Farman et al., 1985), but also more direct impacts of human activities that affect environmental systems worldwide, such as urbanization (see entry “ Urban Environments and Natural Hazards”) and environmental degradation (Verstappen, 2011). Hence, global change includes the dynamic of society and socioeconomic factors (Clark, 1988; Gallopin, 1991) and their interactions with environmental changes (Slaymaker et al., 2009). A disaster is defined by the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) as “a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or society, causing widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses which exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources” (ISDR, 2004). The term “natural” can be disputed...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Bibliography

  1. Adger, W. N., Hughes, T. P., Folke, C., Carpenter, S. R., and Rockstrom, J., 2005. Social-ecological resilience to coastal disasters. Science, 309, 1036–1039.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adger, W. N., Agrawala, S., Mirza, M. M. Q., Conde, C., O’Brien, K., Pulhin, J., Pulwarty, R., Smit, B., and Takahashi, K., 2007. Assessment of adaptation practices, options, constraints and capacity. In Parry, M. L., Canziani, O. F., Palutikof, J. P., van der Linden, P. J., and Hanson, C. E. (eds.), Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, pp. 717–743.Google Scholar
  3. Alexander, D., 1993. Natural Disasters. London: UCL Press.Google Scholar
  4. Brooks, N., 2006. Cultural responses to aridity in the Middle Holocene and increased social complexity. Quaternary International, 151, 29–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Clark, W. C., 1988. The Human Dimension of Global Environmental Change, Toward an Understanding of Global Change. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  6. Dale, V. H., 1997. The relationship between land-use change and climate change. Ecological Applications, 7, 753–769.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. De Menocal, P., 2001. Cultural responses to climate change during the late Holocene. Science, 292(5517), 667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Douglas, J., 2007. Physical vulnerability modelling in natural hazard risk assessment. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 7, 283–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Farman, J. C., Gardiner, B. G., and Shanklin, J. D., 1985. Large ozone losses of total onze in Antarctica reveal seasonal ClOx/NOx interaction. Nature, 315, 207–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Field, C. B., Barros, V., Stocker, T. F., Qin, D., Dokken, D. J., Ebi, K. L., Mastrandrea, M. D., Mach, K. J., Plattner, G.-K., Allen, S. K., Tignor, M., and Midgley, P. M., (eds.), 2012. Summary for policymakers. In: Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. Cambridge/New-York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Gallopin, G. C., 1991. Human dimensions of global change: linking the global and the local processes. International Social Science Journal, 130, 707–718.Google Scholar
  12. Glade, T., 2003. Landslide occurrence as a response to land use change: a review of evidence from New Zealand. Catena, 51(3–4), 297–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hallegatte, S., 2009. Strategies to adapt to an uncertain climate change. Global Environmental Change, 19, 240–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hallegatte, S., Hourcade, J.-C., and Dumas, P., 2007. Using climate analogues for assessing climate change economic impacts. Climatic Change, 82, 47–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hegerl, G. C., Zwiers, F. W., Braconnot, P., Gillett, N. P., Luo, Y., Marengo Orsini, J. A., Nicholls, N., Penner, J. E., and Stott, P. A., 2007. Understanding and attributing climate change. In Solomon, S., Qin, D., Manning, M., Chen, Z., Marquis, M., Averyt, K. B., Tignor, M., and Miller, H. L. (eds.), Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.Google Scholar
  16. Holland, G. J., and Webster, P. J., 2007. Heightened tropical cyclone activity in the North Atlantic: natural variability or climate trend? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 365, 2695–2716.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Huggel, C., Clague, J. J., and Korup, O., 2012. Is climate change responsible for changing landslide activity in high mountains? Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 37, 77–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. ISDR (International Strategy for Disaster Reduction), 2004 (rev. 2009). Terminology of Disaster Risk Reduction. United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland, May 2009. Available at http://www.unisdr.org/files/7817_UNISDRTerminologyEnglish.pdf (Accessed 18 April 2012).
  19. ISDR (International Strategy for Disaster Reduction), 2005. Hyogo Framework for Action: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters. Extract from the final report of the World Conference on Disaster Reduction (A/CONF.206/6); United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland, 2005. Available at: http://www.preventionweb.net/files/1037_hyogoframeworkforactionenglish.pdf (Accessed 18 April 2012).Google Scholar
  20. ISDR (International Strategy for Disaster Reduction), 2008. Environment and Disaster Risk: Emerging Perspectives. ISDR Working Group on Environment and Disaster Reduction; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP); Geneva, Switzerland and Nairobi, Kenya, July 2008, ISBN: 978-92-807-2887-3. Available at http://www.preventionweb.net/files/624_EnvironmentanddisasterriskNov08.pdf (Accessed 18 April 2012).
  21. Kuper, R., and Kröpelin, S., 2006. Climate-controlled holocene occupation in the Sahara: motor of Africa’s evolution. Science, 313(5788), 803.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Meehl, G. A., Stocker, T. F., Collins, W. D., Friedlingstein, P., Gaye, A. T., Gregory, J. M., Kitoh, A., Knutti, R., Murphy, J. M., Noda, A., Raper, S. C. B., Watterson, I. G., Weaver, A. J., and Zhao, Z.-C., 2007. Global climate projections. In Solomon, S., Qin, D., Manning, M., Chen, Z., Marquis, M., Averyt, K. B., Tignor, M., and Miller, H. L. (eds.), Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.Google Scholar
  23. Nicholls, R. J., and Cazenave, A., 2010. Sea-level rise and its impact on coastal zones. Science, 328(5985), 1517–1520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. O’Keefe, P., Westgate, K., and Wisner, B., 1976. Taking the naturalness out of natural disasters. Nature, 260(5552), 566–567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Othman, M. A., 1994. Value of Mangrove in coastal protection. Hydrobiologia, 285, 277–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Parnell, S., Simon, D., and Vogel, C., 2007. Global environmental change: conceptualising the growing challenge for cities in poor countries. Area, 39, 357–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Pelling, M., 2001. Natural disasters? In Castree, N., and Braun, B. (eds.), Social Nature. London: Blackwells, pp. 170–188.Google Scholar
  28. Pelling, M. (ed.), 2003. Natural Disasters and Development in a Globalizing World. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  29. Roe, G., and Baker, M., 2007. Why is climate sensitivity so unpredictable? Science, 318(5850), 629.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Romieu, E., Welle, T., Schneiderbauer, S., Pelling, M., and Vinchon, C., 2010. Vulnerability assessment within climate change and natural hazard contexts: revealing gaps and synergies through coastal applications. Sustainability Science, 5, 159–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Schipper, L., and Pelling, M., 2006. Disaster risk, climate change and international development: scope for, and challenges to, integration. Disasters, 30, 19–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Schneider, S. H., Semenov, S., Patwardhan, A., Burton, I., Magadza, C. H. D., Oppenheimer, M., Pittock, A. B., Rahman, A., Smith, J. B., Suarez, A., and Yamin, F., 2007. Assessing key vulnerabilities and the risk from climate change. Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. In Parry, M. L., Canziani, O. F., Palutikof, J. P., van der Linden, P. J., and Hanson, C. E. (eds.), Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 779–810.Google Scholar
  33. Slaymaker, O., Spencer, T., and Embleton-Hamann, C., 2009. Geomorphology and Global Environmental Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Turner, B. A., 1976. The organizational and interorganizational development of disasters. Administrative Science Quarterly, 21, 378–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Turner, B. L., Kasperson, R. E., Meyer, W. B., Dow, K. M., Golding, D., Kasperson, J. X., Mitchell, R. C., and Ratick, S. J., 1990. 2 types of global environmental change – definition and spatial scale issues in their human dimensions. Global Environmental Change -Human and Policy Dimensions, 1, 14–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. UN (United Nations), 2009. Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction: Risk and Poverty in a Changing Climate – Invest Today for a Safer Tomorrow. Geneva: UNISDR.Google Scholar
  37. Van Aalst, M. K., 2006. The impacts of climate change on the risk of natural disasters. Disasters, 30(1), 5–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Verstappen, H. T., 2011. Natural disaster reduction and environmental management: a geomorphologist’s view. Geografia Fisica E Dinamica Quaternaria, 34, 55–64.Google Scholar
  39. World Bank, 1992. World Development Report 1992: Development and the Environment. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Yiou, P., Vautard, R., Naveau, P., and Cassou, C., 2007. Inconsistency between atmospheric dynamics and temperatures during the exceptional 2006/2007 fall/winter and recent warming in Europe. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L21808.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gonéri Le Cozannet
    • 1
  • Hormoz Modaressi
    • 2
  • Nicolas Desramaut
    • 3
  1. 1.Natural Risks and CO2 Storage Security Department/Risks division/Coastal Risks unitBRGM – French Geological SurveyOrléansFrance
  2. 2.Development Planning and Natural RisksBRGM – French Geological SurveyOrléansFrance
  3. 3.Natural Risks and CO2 Safety Storage DivisionBRGM – French Geological SurveyOrléansFrance