Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Geohazards

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_154

Synonyms

Geological Hazards; Geomorphological Hazards

Definition

Geohazard is a relatively new scientific term related to  Natural Hazard studies. It indicates geomorphological, geological, or environmental processes, phenomena, and conditions that are potentially dangerous or pose a level of threat to human life, health, and property, or to the environment.

Discussion

Geohazards include subaerial and submarine processes, such as  Earthquake, volcanic eruptions, floods, erosion, debris flows, rockfalls, and other types of  Landslide and  Tsunami. Human-induced processes may also be considered as geohazards.

Since the term  Hazardrepresents a particular state of the geomorphic system that may develop further into a situation leading to damage or uncontrolled risk, studies in this field treat the changes in nature that may affect society. Geohazards research may be considered a fully geographical topic, since it includes both natural and social dimensions and is related to the complex...

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Bibliography

  1. Alcántra-Ayala, I., and Goudie, A. (eds.), 2010. Geomorphological Hazards and Disaster Prevention. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bell, F. G., 2003. Geological Hazards: Their Assessment, Avoidance and Mitigation. Oxford: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  3. Coch, N. K., 1995. Geohazards: Natural and Human. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  4. Embleton, C., Federici, P. R., and Rodolfi, G., 2010. Geomorphological Hazards. Supplementi di Geografia Fisica e Dinamica Quaternaria, 2. Torino: Comitato Glaciologico Italiano.Google Scholar
  5. MacCall, G. J. H., Laming, D., and Scott, S. (eds.), 1992. Geohazards: Natural and Man-Made. London: Chapman & Hall.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and ArtsAnton Melik Geographical InstituteLjubljanaSlovenia