Geographic Information Technology
Environmental Information System; Geographic Information System (GIS); Geographically Referenced Information System (GIRS); Geo-Information System; Land Information System (LIS); Land Management System; Land Resources Information System; Spatial Information System (SIS)
Geographic information technology uses computer-based tools to analyze spatial information into a geographic information system (GIS). In a GIS, data of the real world are stored into a georeferenced database, which can be displayed via maps. There is a dynamic link between the displayed maps and the stored georeferenced data, that is, a change on the maps leads to a change in the database and vice versa.
Use of geographic information technologies
There are a number of applications that use geographic information technologies in numerous economical sectors, such as transportation, medicine, agriculture, mineral exploration, forestry, and governance. Geographic information technologies are used in...
- Leblon, B., and LaRocque, A. ENR 4286 geographic information system, online course 8 chapters, http://learning.unb.ca.