Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Natural Hazards
Geographic Information Systems (GIS). GIS is a computer-based information system designed for capturing, storing, analyzing, managing, and displaying spatial data representing human and natural phenomena from the real world. It may include application to remote sensing, land surveying, mathematics, and geography.
Natural Hazard. Any natural phenomenon that poses a threat to human life or properties.
Natural hazards include geological (e.g., earthquakes and landslides) and meteorological events such as cyclones, tornadoes, hailstorms, floods, droughts, and wildfires (Chen et al., 2003). Natural hazards are deeply linked to the concepts of magnitude, geographical location, and time recurrencewhich denote intensity, place of potential occurrence, and frequency of the natural phenomenon, respectively. Since many factors can play an important role in the occurrence of a natural disaster and their spatial information is crucial to risk assessment and management,...
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