Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

2013 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Natural Hazards

  • Paolo Tarolli
  • Marco Cavalli
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_152

Definitions

Geographic Information Systems (GIS). GIS is a computer-based information system designed for capturing, storing, analyzing, managing, and displaying spatial data representing human and natural phenomena from the real world. It may include application to remote sensing, land surveying, mathematics, and geography.

Natural Hazard. Any natural phenomenon that poses a threat to human life or properties.

Introduction

Natural hazards include geological (e.g., earthquakes and landslides) and meteorological events such as cyclones, tornadoes, hailstorms, floods, droughts, and wildfires (Chen et al., 2003). Natural hazards are deeply linked to the concepts of magnitude, geographical location, and time recurrencewhich denote intensity, place of potential occurrence, and frequency of the natural phenomenon, respectively. Since many factors can play an important role in the occurrence of a natural disaster and their spatial information is crucial to risk assessment and management,...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry, University of PadovaLegnaroItaly
  2. 2.National Research Council – Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological ProtectionPadovaItaly