Encyclopedia of Soil Science

2008 Edition
| Editors: Ward Chesworth


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-3995-9_78

The production of a brown color in soil. The color represents a combination of iron in the ferric state together with darker organic matter. Clay-iron, and clay-iron-humic complexes are present in Brunisols (Soil Taxonomy) - soils produced by brunification (Gaucher, 1977 p 24).


  1. Gaucher, G., 1977. Vers une classification pedologique naturelle basee sur la geochimie de la pedogenese. Catena, 4: 1–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Springer 2008