Encyclopedia of Soil Science

2008 Edition
| Editors: Ward Chesworth


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-3995-9_66

A sequence of soils related in space and time and varying among themselves as a function of the dominant factor of the biology of the ecosystem of which they are a part. Biosequences have been used to study temporal changes in the standing biomass of mountainous regions in California and the Alps (e.g., Tinner et al., 1996), but whether the examples chosen are independent of other factors such as topography and climate, is problematical.


  1. Tinner, W., Ammann, B., Germann, P., 1996. Treeline fluctuations recorded for 12,500 years by soil profiles, pollen, and plant macrofossils in the Central Swiss Alps. Arctic Alpine Res., 28: 131–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Springer 2008