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Vehicle Longitudinal Control

  • Jihua Huang

Abstract

Decades of research efforts have greatly advanced our understanding of vehicle longitudinal control and yielded fruitful results. This chapter provides a detailed discussion on this integral part of vehicle regulation control. This chapter starts with an introduction that defines the scope of our discussion as the longitudinal control of automated vehicles, provides the relevant research history, and describes the functionality of vehicle longitudinal control. Subsequently, the system requirements and framework design are discussed. As a safety-critical system, the longitudinal control of automated vehicles needs to satisfy both safety requirements and performance requirements. Typically formulated as a feedback control system, the longitudinal control system consists of sensors (and sensor processing), control computation, and control actuation components. This chapter further describes the longitudinal control systems for passenger vehicles in detail, which covers the sensing, modeling, and controller design by using a longitudinal control system designed for automated vehicles in a platoon as an example. To further extend the discussion to automated heavy vehicles, a specific control application, precision-stopping control for automated buses, is discussed. This chapter concludes with a short summary of the current status and thoughts on future directions for the longitudinal control of automated vehicles.

Keywords

Adaptive Cruise Control Preceding Vehicle Spacing Error Brake Torque Lead Vehicle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Partners for Advanced Transportation Technologies (PATH)Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California at BerkeleyRichmondUSA

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