Fundamentals of Driver Assistance

  • Azim Eskandarian


Driving is a complex task of strategic decision making, maneuvering and controlling the vehicle while responding to external stimuli, traffic laws, and imminent hazards. Driver’s cognitive perception and reaction, physiological, and psychological capabilities along with experience, age, and many other factors play a major role in shaping the driving behavior and the skills to control the vehicle. Driver assistance systems are designed to support the driver in performing the primary driving tasks and the secondary in-vehicle tasks that may be required (operating radio, etc.). The goal of driver assistance or ADAS (advanced driver assistance systems) is to enhance safety, comfort, and efficiency of driving by intervening in the handling aspects of the vehicle and supporting the secondary tasks for comfort, navigation, etc. Driver assistance deals with the environment in terms of sensing and responding, the vehicle in terms of sensing and actuating electromechanical systems, and most importantly the driver in terms of augmenting information, enhancing sensing capabilities, and assisting in control functions. This chapter examines various aspects of driver assistance system including driver cognitive perception–response, system types and classifications, integrated safety, man–machine interface, and evaluation of effectiveness. This chapter concludes with listing existing ADAS and research needs.


Situational Awareness Lane Change Adaptive Cruise Control Driver Assistance System Advance Driver Assistance System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Intelligent Systems ResearchThe George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA

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