Vehicle Lateral and Steering Control


Run-off-road crashes are responsible for about 34% of road fatalities. In addition, side swiping crashes are also caused by either unintended or ill-timed lane departures. Many systems have been developed to reduce these kinds of accidents. Vehicle lateral control and warning systems are introduced for this reason. Vehicle lateral control systems can help the drivers to change their lanes safely or assist them in parking or even performing evasive maneuvers. This chapter aims to serve as an introduction to dynamics, control, and modeling of vehicle lateral motion in the context of intelligent vehicles. First, the major components that determine lateral dynamics of the vehicle are briefly described. Then, the basics of tire dynamics and vehicle modeling are presented. Many different linear and nonlinear controllers have been suggested in the literature to control the combined lateral and longitudinal motion of the vehicle. It is expected that in the future vehicle lateral control will be extended to performing lane change or evasive maneuvers. A brief review of the control methods and some of the experimental implementations of autonomous trajectory following (lane change maneuvers) are presented. A few examples of their commercial productions are provided. Finally, some concluding remarks about the future of vehicle lateral control and the current state of the development in this area are given.


Lateral Acceleration Slip Angle Lane Change Tire Model Lane Departure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Intelligent Systems ResearchThe George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA

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