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Years Life Lost Due to Smoking: A Korean Focus

Reference work entry

Abstract:

This chapter estimates the burden of premature death due to smoking in Korea during the period between 2001 and 2005 using the  years of life lost due to premature death (YLLs) method. To implement this study, we calculated the years of life lost due to premature death by age group using the  standard expected years of life lost (SEYLL) method. YLLs due to smoking were calculated based on the assumptions and methods developed by the  Global Burden of Disease Study Group. The burden of premature death due to smoking was estimated by multiplying the  Smoking-Attributable Fraction (SAF) by the YLLs due to smoking-related diseases.

In 2005, the burden of premature death due to smoking using YLLs was 19.2% of YLLs due to all causes in males and 3.3% of YLLs due to all causes in females in Korea. The incidence of premature death due to smoking decreased from 350,800 in 2001 to 341,141 in 2005 in the male population and increased from 36,764 in 2001 to 38,058 in 2005 in the female population in Korea. Our results suggest that the method employed in this study allowed for the burden of premature death due to smoking to be assessed quantitatively, and it was comparable with those used by other international studies in this field and thus can provide a rational basis for national health policy planning regarding premature death from smoking and smoking-related risk factors in Korea.

Keywords

Esophageal Cancer Premature Death Disease Group Laryngeal Cancer Korean Population 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

CEYLL

 cohort expected years of life lost

GBD

global burden of disease

KMOHW

 Korea Ministry of Health and Welfare

KNSO

National Statistical Office of Korea

PAR

 population attributable risk

PEYLL

 period expected years of life lost

PYLL

 potential years of life lost

SAF

smoking attributable fraction

SEYLL

standard expected years of life lost

YLL

Years of life lost

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author would like to thank Seo, Hyun-Ju and Kyung, Min-Ho for their assistance with the preparation of this manuscript.

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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Yoon

There are no affiliations available

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