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The Economic Burden of Malaria in Nigeria and Willingness to Pay

  • A. Jimoh
Reference work entry

Abstract:

This chapter reviews available evidence on the size of the economic burden of  malaria in Nigeria and the citizens’  willingness to pay (WTP) for malaria control and treatment programs. It found that the direct and indirect economic burden may be in excess of 13% of the GDP. Furthermore, the review suggests that the average amount that people are willing to pay for malaria control and treatment programs are below their ruling market prices and that economic status (wealth and income) is one of the major factors determining Nigerians’ WTP for the treatment or total elimination of malaria. Consequently, it recommends the promotion of universal access for the treatment of malaria in Nigeria by abolishing or reducing payment for malaria treatment at the point of need through insurance-based financing arrangement. It observes that the National Health Insurance Scheme that is currently being put in place is a step in the right direction but that progress has been very slow.

Keywords

Economic Burden Malaria Treatment National Health Insurance Scheme Focus Group Discussion Malaria Episode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

AAAS

American Association for the Advancement Of Science

BWFU

 binary-with-follow-up

CBN

Central Bank Of Nigeria

COI

 cost of illness

CV

 contingent valuation

DW

Durbin–Watson

FGD

focus group discussion

FMoH

Federal Ministry of Health, Nigeria

GDP

 gross domestic product

HH

household

HIV/AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

ITN

 insecticide-treated net

M

million

N

Naira, Nigeria local currency

NGOs

non-governmental organizations

PF

 production function approach

PHCs

primary health care centers

UNICEF

United Nations children’s fund

WHO

Word Health Organization

WTP

willingness to pay

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Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Jimoh

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