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The Burden of Rotavirus Acute Gastroenteritis in Europe

  • J. Bilcke
  • P. Van Damme
  • P. Beutels
Reference work entry

Abstract:

 Rotavirus (RV) is the leading cause of severe  gastroenteritis in children under 5 years of age. In this chapter we will document the burden of  rotavirus gastroenteritis in the 27 countries of the European Union.

Data on rotavirus disease burden is lacking for about half of the countries of the European Union. The available data for the other half show differences that do not necessarily reflect country-specific differences, but that may also be due to differences in study characteristics and quality. Based on the available literature, the annual  incidence of RV disease in the European Union ranges from 0.06–4.15% of the children aged <5 years seeking  ambulatory care, 0–2.65% of the children aged <5 years visiting emergency departments, 0.03–1.19% of the children aged <4/5 years being hospitalized for rotavirus, and 0.5–14 children per million children aged <3/5 years that die due to RV infection. Information on children experiencing disease but not seeking professional medical care is lacking for the European Union. Studies on  nosocomial RV  infections are numerous, but difficult (if not impossible) to interpret and compare, because of very different methodologies and contexts.

Keywords

European Union Respiratory Syncytial Virus Disease Burden Annual Incidence Emergency Department Visit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

AGE

acute gastroenteritis

EU

European Union

GP

general practitioner

ICD-9

 International Classification of Disease, ninth edition

NRV

nosocomial rotavirus infection

O

outpatient visit

P

pediatrician

PROTECT

Pediatric ROTavirus European CommiTee

RV

rotavirus

RVGE

rotavirus gastroenteritis

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Bilcke
  • P. Van Damme
  • P. Beutels

There are no affiliations available

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