Handbook of Disease Burdens and Quality of Life Measures pp 1233-1242 | Cite as
The Burden of Rotavirus Acute Gastroenteritis in Europe
Rotavirus (RV) is the leading cause of severe gastroenteritis in children under 5 years of age. In this chapter we will document the burden of rotavirus gastroenteritis in the 27 countries of the European Union.
Data on rotavirus disease burden is lacking for about half of the countries of the European Union. The available data for the other half show differences that do not necessarily reflect country-specific differences, but that may also be due to differences in study characteristics and quality. Based on the available literature, the annual incidence of RV disease in the European Union ranges from 0.06–4.15% of the children aged <5 years seeking ambulatory care, 0–2.65% of the children aged <5 years visiting emergency departments, 0.03–1.19% of the children aged <4/5 years being hospitalized for rotavirus, and 0.5–14 children per million children aged <3/5 years that die due to RV infection. Information on children experiencing disease but not seeking professional medical care is lacking for the European Union. Studies on nosocomial RV infections are numerous, but difficult (if not impossible) to interpret and compare, because of very different methodologies and contexts.
KeywordsEuropean Union Respiratory Syncytial Virus Disease Burden Annual Incidence Emergency Department Visit
List of Abbreviations:
International Classification of Disease, ninth edition
nosocomial rotavirus infection
Pediatric ROTavirus European CommiTee
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