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Periodontal Diseases

Reference work entry

Synonyms

Periodontal Inflammation

Definition

Periodontal Diseases cover a group of inflammatory diseases of the tissues that surround and support the teeth. They arise in the gum sulcus, the crevice between the gum and the tooth, as a response to dental plaque. If dental plaque remains in the sulcus, its bacteria and their waste products attack the crevicular epithelial cells. In order to eliminate the detrimental bacteria and their toxins the body activates its immune response to infection. This reaction passes through different stages. Due to these reactions, periodontal diseases are generally divided into two groups: gingivitis and periodontitis. Although the different forms of periodontal diseases are bacterial affections, a variety of important “risk factors” (e.g., smoking, poorly controlled diabetes, and inherited (genetic) susceptibility) affect the severity of the disease. Periodontitis is the primary cause of tooth loss in adults.

Keywords

Public Health Immune Response Epithelial Cell Inflammatory Disease Social Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

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