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Financial Impact of Obesity

  • L. Barrios
  • D. B. Jones
Reference work entry

Abstract:

 Obesity is associated with serious medical conditions, psychosocial problems, and major health costs. Medical illnesses associated with obesity include diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary artery disease, stroke, cancer, hyperlipidemia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, obstructive sleep apnea, degenerative joint disease, and back pain. Socially, obese individuals may suffer from discrimination at work, lower wages, inability to find a love companion, and overall poor quality of life.

As the prevalence of obesity soars, the number of bariatric operations performed in the United States has increased dramatically over the last decade. Weight loss surgeries such as the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, laparoscopic adjustable  gastric band placement, and  sleeve gastrectomy are being performed more frequently in adults, and are now also being performed in children and adolescents. This article summarizes findings from recent studies discussing the financial implications of these trends. Specifically, we address the high medical costs associated with weight related co-morbid illnesses, and we discuss the indirect costs to employers of the obese workforce.

Keywords

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Bariatric Surgery Gastric Bypass Sleeve Gastrectomy Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

BMI

Body Mass Index

BPD

Biliopancreatic Diversion

CEA

Cost-Effectiveness Analyses

CMS

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

LAGB

Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band

NHANES

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

QALY

Quality Adjusted Life Year

RYGBP

Roux-en Y Gastric Bypass

SG

Sleeve Gastrectomy

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Ms. Shannon Fischer for her editorial assistance with this manuscript.

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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Barrios
  • D. B. Jones

There are no affiliations available

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