Features of Mediterranean Diet and Burden of Cardiovascular Disease

  • D. B. Panagiotakos
  • C. Pitsavos
  • D. P. Mikhailidis
Reference work entry


The burden of chronic diseases is rapidly increasing worldwide. Based on accurate calculations, chronic diseases contributed approximately 60% of the 56.5 million total reported deaths in the world, in 2001, and roughly 46% of the global burden of disease. Moreover, most of the Western countries face high and increasing rates one of the most common chronic diseases,  cardiovascular disease (CVD). Fortunately, CVD is preventable. Currently available research provides sufficiently strong evidences for the risks attributed to lifestyle and behavioral factors (e.g., smoking, and unhealthy diets and physical inactivity) as well as various social factors that include a complex mixture of interacting socioeconomic, cultural and other environmental parameters. Among the aforementioned risk factors, unhealthy dietary choices are known to increase the risk for various chronic diseases, especially CVD and some types of cancer. In contrast, traditional, largely plant-based diets ( traditional diet), like the Mediterranean diet, have been associated with lower risk of CVD and some types of cancer.


Dietary Pattern Mediterranean Diet National Cholesterol Education Program Mediterranean Diet Score Mediterranean Dietary Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:


American Heart Association


cardiovascular disease


European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition


healthy ageing a longitudinal study in Europe


high density lipoprotein


low density lipoprotein


tumor necrosis factor


World Health Organization


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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. B. Panagiotakos
  • C. Pitsavos
  • D. P. Mikhailidis

There are no affiliations available

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