Handbook of Disease Burdens and Quality of Life Measures pp 4226-4226 | Cite as
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, enacted by the U.S. Congress in 1996. Title I protects health insurance coverage for workers and their families when they change or lose their jobs. Title II, the Administrative Simplification (AS) provisions, requires the establishment of national standards for electronic health care transactions and national identifiers for providers, health insurance plans, and employers. The AS provisions also address the security and privacy of health data. The standards are meant to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the nation's health care system by encouraging the widespread use of electronic data interchange in the US health care system.