Handbook of Disease Burdens and Quality of Life Measures pp 4186-4187 | Cite as
Caries; Tooth Decay
Dental Caries is an infectious disease which – by interaction of food, dental plaque and microorganisms during a longer period of time – leads to an irreversible destruction of the hard tooth tissue due to metabolic acids produced by the oral flora from carbohydrates found in the food. These acids damage the structures of the teeth leading to tooth decay or cavities. If left untreated, the disease can lead to pain, tooth loss, infection, and, in severe cases, death of the tooth.