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Burden of Ischemic Heart Diseases in Serbia

  • S. Sipetic-Grujicic
  • H. Vlajinac
  • J. Marinkovic
  • V. Bjegovic
  • I. Ratkov
  • J. Maksimovic
Reference work entry

Abstract:

For decades now, cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Belgrade (Serbia) has occupied first place as a cause of death. In the Belgrade population aged 30–69, CVD caused about 40% of all deaths. During the period 1975–2000, mortality rates of all CVD increased significantly by 17.1%. Yet mortality rates of IHD decreased by 8% in men and 22% in women.

In the Serbian population, as in the populations of developed countries, IHD is the leading single cause of premature years of life lost (YLL) for both sexes, being responsible for 16.7% of the total YLL. It is the leading single cause of premature death for males with 87,191 YLLs in 2000. In females, cerebrovascular disease is the leading cause of YLL followed by IHD (48,965 YLLs in 2000).

In Serbia in 2000, IHD was responsible for 8,833 years of life with disability (YLD) in men and 5,902 YLD in women.

The total burden of  ischemic heart disease (IHD) in Serbia in 2000 was estimated at 96,023 disability adjusted life years (DALY) for men and 54,866 DALY for women. The total burden of IHD was higher for males than females. For IHD, the DALY rates per 1,000 population increased with aging in both men and women, and peaked in the oldest, 75 years of age and over. The proportion of YLD in DALY (10%) for IHD in Serbia was higher than in the EURO region (6%). The factors most responsible for this IHD burden were smoking, physical inactivity, hypertension and overweight/obesity.

Despite obvious limitations, the DALY estimates can be used as a guide for preventing IHD as well as for evaluating the scope of future health gains obtained by reducing population exposure to various risk factors.

Keywords

Ischemic Heart Disease Ischemic Heart Disease Mortality Serbian Population Disability Adjusted Life Year Life Lost 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

AP

 angina pectoris

CI

confidence interval

CVD

 cardiovascular diseases

DALY

disability adjusted life lost

EMS

established market economics

EU

European Union

FSE

formerly socialist economies

IHD

ischemic heart disease

SBDS

Serbian burden disease study

WHO

World Health Organization

YLD

years of life with disability

YLL

years of life lost

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Sipetic-Grujicic
  • H. Vlajinac
  • J. Marinkovic
  • V. Bjegovic
  • I. Ratkov
  • J. Maksimovic

There are no affiliations available

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