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The Burden of Maternal Mortality and Morbidity in the United States and Worldwide

  • C. T. Lang
  • J. C. King
Reference work entry

Abstract:

There is an extensive literature exploring maternal mortality and morbidity in the United States and worldwide in terms of epidemiology, etiologies, clinical associations, and preventability. A particularly novel approach to this subject, however, concerns the  burden that both maternal mortality and morbidity represent. Although various studies use the word burden in their titles, it is used as a descriptive or metamorphical term. Looking upon both mortality and morbidity as burdens is akin to a stone falling into a still pond, with the mother at the epicenter and the ripples emanating outward to affect her partner, children, and family, as well as the physician, hospital, scientific community, society as a whole, and in cases of morbidity, back to the mother herself for years after the inciting event. From the perspective of these parties, the impact felt is individual to each, whether it is on an economic, medical/psychological, developmental, medicolegal, or macrostructural level. Although the individual prevalences of maternal mortality and severe morbidity are low enough especially in developed countries to not be considered significant problems, the  total prevalent burden they can and do represent along with minor morbidity is on a much grander scale, and not well-represented in the literature. It is in this light that efforts to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity become especially laudable.

Keywords

Cesarean Delivery Maternal Mortality Maternal Death Gestational Weight Gain Motion Sickness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

ACOG

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DALY

disability adjusted life years

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

ICD

international classification of diseases

QALY

quality adjusted life years

WHO

World Health Organization

YLD

years lost due to disability

YLL

years of life lost due to premature mortality

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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. T. Lang
  • J. C. King

There are no affiliations available

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