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Burden of Disease Between Two Time Frames: Mexico Perspectives

  • G. Rodriguez-Abrego
  • J. Escobedo-de la Peña
  • R. B. Zurita Garza
  • T. Ramírez-Sánchez
Reference work entry

Abstract:

This is an overview of the Mexican  burden of disease and injury studies carried out in the  Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS). Methods developed for the  World Bank (WB) and  World Health Organization (WHO) Global Burden of Disease Study (NBD) were adapted and applied to Mexican IMSS beneficiary population. Estimations of the burden of disease for 129 causes were carried out in order to identify health priorities in Mexico's different geographic regions and to present comparative data between 1995 and 2005.

Indicators such as disability-adjusted life years (DALY) and  disability adjusted life expectancy (DALE) were analyzed for the population covered by IMSS in 1995 and 2005; for both years, the methodology proposed by the Global Burden of Disease Study was applied. Data corresponding to 1995 were analyzed in 1997, while data corresponding to 2005 were analyzed in 2006. The comparative study was carried out in 2007 by IMSS, Mexico.

Higher proportion of DALY was due to chronic diseases and the 2005 rate is 1.3 times higher than that of 1995. Among health priorities identified, diabetes mellitus was found to be the top-ranking cause of non-fatal disease burden in México, causing 7.5% of the total years lost due to disability in 2005, followed by ischemic heart disease and stroke. The loss due to these causes was mainly accounted for by premature death, as well as by diseases related to disability with an important burden of disease, such as AIDS or depression. Epidemiological backwardness can still be observed.

The population covered by IMSS is still in a phase of epidemiologic transition, favoring polarization in health conditions. Health policies need to be directed toward bringing an improved response and reversing the trend in diseases that represent an institutional risk for the financing of health care.

Keywords

Social Security National Burden Social Security Institution Year Live With Disability Compound Indicator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

BANXICO

national bank of Mexico

CEBS

 children ever born and children surviving

CONAPO

National Council of population

DALE

disability adjusted life expectancy

DALY

disability adjusted life years

DFLE

 disability free life expectancy

DISMOD

disease modeling

ECLAC

economic commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

ENDD

 national survey of demographic dynamic

ENEC

 national survey of chronic diseases

GBD

global burden of disease study

GDP

 gross domestic product

HALE

 health adjusted life expectancy

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

ICD

International Classification of Disease

IMSS

Mexican Institute of Social Security

IMSS- OPORTUNIDADES

health services to highly marginalized population

ISSSTE

state workers social service and security institute

INEGI

National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Informatics

LE

 life expectancy

LED

 life expectancy with disability

MORTPACK

 package for mortality measurement

NBD

 national burden of disease

OECD

 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development

SISMOR

mortality information system

SMPH

 summary measures of population health

SSA

Ministry of Health of Mexico

UN

United Nations

UNDP

 United Nations Population Division

WB

World Bank

WHO

World Health Organization

YLD

 years lived with disability

YLL

 years of life lost due to mortality

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Rodriguez-Abrego
  • J. Escobedo-de la Peña
  • R. B. Zurita Garza
  • T. Ramírez-Sánchez

There are no affiliations available

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