Burden of Disease Between Two Time Frames: Mexico Perspectives

  • G. Rodriguez-Abrego
  • J. Escobedo-de la Peña
  • R. B. Zurita Garza
  • T. Ramírez-Sánchez
Reference work entry


This is an overview of the Mexican  burden of disease and injury studies carried out in the  Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS). Methods developed for the  World Bank (WB) and  World Health Organization (WHO) Global Burden of Disease Study (NBD) were adapted and applied to Mexican IMSS beneficiary population. Estimations of the burden of disease for 129 causes were carried out in order to identify health priorities in Mexico's different geographic regions and to present comparative data between 1995 and 2005.

Indicators such as disability-adjusted life years (DALY) and  disability adjusted life expectancy (DALE) were analyzed for the population covered by IMSS in 1995 and 2005; for both years, the methodology proposed by the Global Burden of Disease Study was applied. Data corresponding to 1995 were analyzed in 1997, while data corresponding to 2005 were analyzed in 2006. The comparative study was carried out in 2007 by IMSS, Mexico.

Higher proportion of DALY was due to chronic diseases and the 2005 rate is 1.3 times higher than that of 1995. Among health priorities identified, diabetes mellitus was found to be the top-ranking cause of non-fatal disease burden in México, causing 7.5% of the total years lost due to disability in 2005, followed by ischemic heart disease and stroke. The loss due to these causes was mainly accounted for by premature death, as well as by diseases related to disability with an important burden of disease, such as AIDS or depression. Epidemiological backwardness can still be observed.

The population covered by IMSS is still in a phase of epidemiologic transition, favoring polarization in health conditions. Health policies need to be directed toward bringing an improved response and reversing the trend in diseases that represent an institutional risk for the financing of health care.


Social Security National Burden Social Security Institution Year Live With Disability Compound Indicator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:


acquired immune deficiency syndrome


national bank of Mexico


 children ever born and children surviving


National Council of population


disability adjusted life expectancy


disability adjusted life years


 disability free life expectancy


disease modeling


economic commission for Latin America and the Caribbean


 national survey of demographic dynamic


 national survey of chronic diseases


global burden of disease study


 gross domestic product


 health adjusted life expectancy


human immunodeficiency virus


International Classification of Disease


Mexican Institute of Social Security


health services to highly marginalized population


state workers social service and security institute


National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Informatics


 life expectancy


 life expectancy with disability


 package for mortality measurement


 national burden of disease


 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development


mortality information system


 summary measures of population health


Ministry of Health of Mexico


United Nations


 United Nations Population Division


World Bank


World Health Organization


 years lived with disability


 years of life lost due to mortality


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Rodriguez-Abrego
  • J. Escobedo-de la Peña
  • R. B. Zurita Garza
  • T. Ramírez-Sánchez

There are no affiliations available

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