Health-Adjusted Life Expectancy: Concepts and Estimates

  • J. A. Labbe
Reference work entry


This paper review the concepts and results of  Health-Adjusted Life Expectancy. Health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) is a comprehensive indicator because it introduces the concept of quality of life. It is interpreted as the number of years in  full health that an individual can expect to live given the current morbidity and mortality conditions. The Sullivan’s method has been widely used to estimate the measure the simplicity of its inputs. The most comprehensive estimates correspond to WHO and several studies have been published since. Results show differences in healthy life expectancy by sex and country level of development.


Life Expectancy Life Table Disability Prevalence Health Expectancy Healthy Life Expectancy 
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List of Abbreviations:


activities of daily living


disability-adjusted life expectancy Synonym for HALE (q.v.) or healthy life expectancy


disability-adjusted life year


 disability-free life expectancy


 global burden of disease project


health-adjusted life expectancy


 health expectancy


World Health Organization


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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

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  • J. A. Labbe

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