Relationship Between Pain and Quality of Life

  • M. Azizabadi Farahani
  • S. Assari


Pain is associated with many health problems and disturbed functioning and is a common reason for seeking medical care. Chronic pain is expensive, mainly because of the resulting disability and absence from work. Studies throughout the past 2 decades have shown a large variability of prevalence rates of pain. According to 1 comprehensive review, the prevalence of chronic benign pain varies between 2 and 40%, according to the method used in the study and the populations studied. In recent studies, more attention has been paid to the impact of pain on daily living and QOL. There are major differences between men and women in the prevalence and severity of self-reported pain in the population. Quality of life differs by gender and type of pain condition. Patients may benefit from interventions that enhance the use of appropriate pain coping techniques and other strategies to improve QOL. In the presence of chronic pain, the implication is that analgesics, by decreasing pain, may increase QOL. Several recent studies have confirmed this intuitive association. Within the impact of different variables affecting QOL, pain is a known mediator. As well, several variables such as social support, self esteem, coping and personality traits act as a mediator within the relationship between pain and QOL. Some QOL questionnaires do and some others do not include pain domains. The question numbers pertaining pain and the content of questions are different and should be focused in study designs. Also, from different pediatric Generic QOL Measures, Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) has pain domain and some others do not have pain domain.


Chronic Pain Neuropathic Pain Musculoskeletal Pain Persistent Pain Chronic Pelvic Pain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:


body mass index


bodily pain


child health and illness profile


child health questionnaire


central nervous system


Dartmouth primary care cooperative information charts


chronic prostatitis


chronic pelvic pain


chronic pelvic pain syndrome


Euro quality of life-5D


general health perception


health related quality of life


health utilities index


mental health


multiple sclerosis


Nottingham health profile




pediatric quality of life inventory


physical functioning


psychological general well-being


quality of life


quality of well-being scale


rheumatoid arthritis


role limitation due to emotional problems


Roland–Morris back pain questionnaire


role limitation due to physical problems


social functioning


short form-6D


36-item short-form health survey


sickness impact profile




World Health Organization


World Health Organization quality of life instrument


Western Ontario and McMaster University osteoarthritis index


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Azizabadi Farahani
    • 1
  • S. Assari
    • 2
  1. 1.Clinical Research Department, Medicine and Health Promotion InstituteBaqiyatallah University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Psychology and Psychiatry Research Department, Medicine and Health Promotion InstituteBaqiyatallah University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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