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Relationship Between Pain and Quality of Life

  • M. Azizabadi Farahani
  • S. Assari

Abstract:

Pain is associated with many health problems and disturbed functioning and is a common reason for seeking medical care. Chronic pain is expensive, mainly because of the resulting disability and absence from work. Studies throughout the past 2 decades have shown a large variability of prevalence rates of pain. According to 1 comprehensive review, the prevalence of chronic benign pain varies between 2 and 40%, according to the method used in the study and the populations studied. In recent studies, more attention has been paid to the impact of pain on daily living and QOL. There are major differences between men and women in the prevalence and severity of self-reported pain in the population. Quality of life differs by gender and type of pain condition. Patients may benefit from interventions that enhance the use of appropriate pain coping techniques and other strategies to improve QOL. In the presence of chronic pain, the implication is that analgesics, by decreasing pain, may increase QOL. Several recent studies have confirmed this intuitive association. Within the impact of different variables affecting QOL, pain is a known mediator. As well, several variables such as social support, self esteem, coping and personality traits act as a mediator within the relationship between pain and QOL. Some QOL questionnaires do and some others do not include pain domains. The question numbers pertaining pain and the content of questions are different and should be focused in study designs. Also, from different pediatric Generic QOL Measures, Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) has pain domain and some others do not have pain domain.

Keywords

Chronic Pain Neuropathic Pain Musculoskeletal Pain Persistent Pain Chronic Pelvic Pain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

BMI

body mass index

BP

bodily pain

CHIP

child health and illness profile

CHQ

child health questionnaire

CNS

central nervous system

COOP

Dartmouth primary care cooperative information charts

CP

chronic prostatitis

CPP

chronic pelvic pain

CPPS

chronic pelvic pain syndrome

EQ-5D

Euro quality of life-5D

GH

general health perception

HRQOL

health related quality of life

HUI

health utilities index

MH

mental health

MS

multiple sclerosis

NHP

Nottingham health profile

OA

osteoarthritis

PedsQL

pediatric quality of life inventory

PF

physical functioning

PGWB

psychological general well-being

QOL

quality of life

QWB

quality of well-being scale

RA

rheumatoid arthritis

RE

role limitation due to emotional problems

RMQ

Roland–Morris back pain questionnaire

RP

role limitation due to physical problems

SF

social functioning

SF-6D

short form-6D

SF-36

36-item short-form health survey

SIP

sickness impact profile

VT

vitality

WHO

World Health Organization

WHOQOL

World Health Organization quality of life instrument

WOMAC

Western Ontario and McMaster University osteoarthritis index

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Azizabadi Farahani
    • 1
  • S. Assari
    • 2
  1. 1.Clinical Research Department, Medicine and Health Promotion InstituteBaqiyatallah University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Psychology and Psychiatry Research Department, Medicine and Health Promotion InstituteBaqiyatallah University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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