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Hearing Aids and Quality of Life

  • C. E. Johnson
  • J. L. Danhauer
Reference work entry

Abstract:

Hearing loss affects one in three people over 65 years of age, and it is the third most prevalent chronic healthcare condition in this population, second only to arthritis and hypertension.  Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is an insidious disease with profound negative consequences on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of its victims and their families if left unmanaged. The only treatment for most forms of SNHL is the use of hearing aids fit as part of a comprehensive auditory rehabilitation program. The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the evidence for the HRQOL benefits of hearing aids in persons with SNHL as documented in a recent systematic review. The researchers on the systematic review team established a priori criteria for study inclusion and an exhaustive list of search strings that were submitted to several databases to retrieve relevant evidence. Results of qualitative and quantitative analyses for data collected using generic and disease-specific outcome measures which showed that hearing aids improve users’ HRQOL are summarized here.

Keywords

Hearing Loss Hearing Impairment Sensorineural Hearing Loss Conductive Hearing Loss Participation Restriction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

ADPI-VAS

Auditory Disability Preference Index-Visual Analog Scale

APHAB

Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit

BAHA

Bone-Anchored Hearing Aids

CENTRAL

Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials

CINAHL

Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health

COMDISDOME

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dome

COSI

Client-Oriented Scale of Improvement

dB HL

Decibel hearing level

EBMR

Evidence-Based Medical Reviews

EQ-5D

EuroQOL

EQ-VAS

EuroQOL Visual Analog Scale

GDS

Geriatric Depression Scale

HHIA

Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults

HHIE

Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly

HRQOL

Health-related quality of life

MOS SF-36

Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36

QDS

Quantified Denver Scale of Communication Function

RCT

Randomized, controlled trials

SELF

Self-Evaluation of Life

SNHL

Sensorineural Hearing Loss

SPMSQ

Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire

WHO

World Health Organization

WHO-DAS II

Word Health Organization-Disability Assessment Schedule

WHO-ICF

World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. E. Johnson
    • 1
  • J. L. Danhauer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Communication DisordersAuburn UniversityALUSA
  2. 2.Department of Speech and Hearing SciencesUniversity of California Santa BarbaraSanta BarbaraUSA

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