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Quality of Life and Psychiatric Symptomatology in Alcohol Detoxification

  • M. Ginieri-Coccossis
  • I. A. Liappas
Reference work entry

Abstract:

Alcohol abuse/dependence is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders, which exhibits a complicated interaction with other psychiatric disorders and psychopathological symptoms. It is distinguished by multiple negative effects on the individual’s somatic health, psychological and emotional well-being and social adjustment.

There is substantial evidence that the QoL of alcohol dependent subjects is severely impaired and should be closely monitored on a regular basis. There is a definitive need to consider the psychosocial needs of alcohol dependent individuals, in addition to the measurement of biomedical outcomes. QoL data may be a part of an ongoing healthcare system for alcohol dependent individuals, both at a group and an individual level. They can be used in research and clinical practice and provide health carers and administrators with valuable information regarding specific areas of QoL deficits that should be addressed in any type of intervention.

Regarding the use of relevant instruments, the number of QoL measurement tools currently available may cover a quite broad spectrum of the needs of health carers depending on the diversity of the factors required to be assessed and the scope of the measurement in clinical and research contexts. Several instruments show robust psychometric properties regarding their capacity to identify QoL deficits and highlight changes following detoxification and abstinence from alcohol use. In addition, QoL measures have a definite role as an outcome measure, evaluating various types of interventions including medical, psychotherapeutic, psychosocial, or psychoeducational within a comprehensive and continuous basis of treatment for  alcohol dependence.

Keywords

Alcohol Dependence Social Phobia Alcohol Withdrawal Psychopathological Symptom Dependent Individual 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

ALQOL

alcohol  quality of life

ANS

autonomic nervous system

BASIS

behavior and symptom identification scale

CNS

central nervous system

DSM

diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders

DT

delirium tremens

EQ-5D

European quality of life instrument

GI

gastrointestinal

HADS

hospital anxiety and depression scale

HRQOL

 health related quality of life

ICD

international classification of diseases

LSS

life situation survey

QoL

quality of life

RSC

Rotterdam symptoms checklist

SF-36

short form health survey

WHO

World Health Organization

WHOQOL-Bref

World Health Organization Quality of Life

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Ginieri-Coccossis
    • 1
  • I. A. Liappas
    • 1
  1. 1.Eginition Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Medical SchoolUniversity of AthensNashvilleGreece

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