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Quality of Life and Drug Abuse

  • S. Assari
  • M. Jafari
Reference work entry

Abstract:

In the absence of treatment, quality of life (QOL) decreases as substance use progresses, but appropriate treatment has proved to improve QOL of substance users. In this regard, several substances have been studied and several questionnaires have been used. Some studies have tried to explain the causes of QOL decrease in substance users. It seems that QOL in substance use is not explained as enough as other somatic and psychiatric conditions. There is a lack of data in this field especially regarding the QOL of substance users from developing countries with different pattern of use. In developing countries, adolescents’ and elderly groups’ Specific QOL measures for substance use are less designed. It is not clear whether QOL of the substance users is associated with poor outcomes such as mortality. Our knowledge is also little regarding the association between the level of  drug dependency and severity of substance use with QOL. Moderators, mediators and coping are less studied. QOL is not comprehensively studied in different levels of drug-taking including  drug use, misuse and dependency ( drug addiction), which have various definitions, and may have different impacts on QOL. Associated variables of QOL and also prediction models are less presented. Substance use, misuse and dependency specific questionnaires are topics which are needed in future research.

Keywords

Drug User Methadone Maintenance Treatment Mental Component Summary Score Substance User Shared Syringe 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

IDUs

injecting drug users

IDUs

injection drug users

IDUQOL

injection drug user quality of life scale

MCS

mental component score

MMT

 methadone maintenance-therapy

OTI

opiate treatment index

PCS

physical component score

PSSS

perceived social support scale

QOL

quality of life

QWB

quality of well-being scale

SF36

short form 36

SWLS

satisfaction with life scale

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Assari
    • 1
  • M. Jafari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of studies in AddictionMedicine and Health Promotion InstituteTehranIran

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