Handbook of Disease Burdens and Quality of Life Measures pp 3397-3412 | Cite as
Quality of Life and Chronic Illness among Refugee Populations
Refugees are an important vulnerable population that differs from many other vulnerable populations because they are comprised of both genders and all age groups. A major distinction should be made between refugees who receive asylum in developed countries and refugees living in camps, predominantly located in developing countries. While both groups share past experiences of trauma and displacement, the living conditions and problems affecting their Quality of Life (QoL) differ: Refugees who receive asylum are exposed to similar challenges as migrants, including loss of social networks, loneliness, limited language proficiency, unemployment, and difficulties in accessing social services or medical care in their host country. Their QoL may be additionally affected by past trauma. Refugees who live in camps may maintain social networks and their QoL in the social domain may be less affected than their QoL in the environmental domain, which can be severely reduced due to poor living conditions, overcrowding, and unemployment. Refugees in camps who suffer from chronic illnesses face additional challenges with respect to obtaining optimal treatment and adhering to treatment regimens. There is some evidence that their QoL is synergistically reduced due to both chronic disease and the camp environment.
KeywordsHost Country Refugee Camp Gaza Strip Refugee Population Environmental Domain
List of Abbreviations:
Quality of life
Health Related Quality of Life
- Aghamollaei T, Eftekhar H, Shojaeizadeh D, Mohammad K, Nakhjavani M, Ghofrani Pour F. (2003). Iranian J publ Health. 32: 54–59.Google Scholar
- Eljedi A, Mikolajczyk RT. (2006). Eur J Epidemiol. 21(Supp): 81.Google Scholar
- Hafeez A, Riaz R, Shah SU, Pervaiz J, Southall D. (2004). BMJ. 328: 834–836.Google Scholar
- Lerner D, Levine S. (1994). Adv Med Sociol. 5: 43–65.Google Scholar
- Lonergan S. (1998). Environ Change Secur Proj Rep. Spring. 4: 5–15.Google Scholar
- Luxemburger C, Rigal J, Nosten F. (1998). Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 92: 129–130.Google Scholar
- Makhoul J, Nakkash R. (2007). Health Promot Pract.Google Scholar
- The WHOQOL Group. (1998). Psychol Med. 28: 551–559.Google Scholar
- UNHCR Statistical Yearbook. (2006). Trends in Displacement, Protection, and Polutions. The UN Refugee Agency, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), December 2007. Available at: http://www.unher.org/statistics.hmtl. Accessed on March 21, 2008.
- USCRI World Refugee Survey. (2007). Table 3: Warehoused Refugee Populations. U.S. Committee for Refugee and Immigrants. Available at: http://www.refugees.org/article.aspx?id=1942. Accessed on March 21, 2008.
- WHO. (1996). WHOQOL-BREF: Introduction, Administration, Scoring, and Generic Version of the Assessment. Geneva.Google Scholar