Quality of Life of Urban Slum Residents

  • T. Izutsu
  • A. Tsutsumi
Reference work entry


Currently, almost one in every six humans, about one billion people, is a  slum dweller. In many Sub-Saharan African cities, the slum population accounts for over 70% of the  urban population. By 2030, with rapid  urbanization, slum dwellers will have doubled to reach two billion. Although improving the lives of slum dwellers is a target of the United Nations  Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), their living conditions are still harsh; they have inadequate access to safe water, sanitation and other infrastructures; poor quality housing; overcrowding; and insecure residential status.

Consequently, the physical and mental health of slum dwellers is worse than those of non-slum dwellers. The quality of life (QOL) of people living in slums are understudied, however, pioneering studies have shown that QOL is worse in slum conditions, and is particularly significant among vulnerable populations such as young people, migrants, women, unemployed persons and people without formal education.

Considering the huge volume and influence of people living in slums, it is imperative that enough attention is paid to the QOL of persons living in slums not only for sustainable development in developing countries but also for global sustainability. The integration of QOL perspectives in development policies and programmes using long-term perspectives, as well as the adaptation and utilization of the rapid trend in urbanization should be included in further research.


Urban Population Urban Slum Slum Dweller United Nation Population Fund Slum Population 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:


Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome


Antiretroviral therapy


Human immunodeficiency virus


Human papilloma virus


Millennium Development Goals


Quality of life


Self Reporting Questionnaire


Sexually transmitted infection


 United Nations Population Fund


 United Nations Human Settlements Programme


The World Health Organization Quality of Life BREF


Youth Self-Report


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Izutsu
    • 1
  • A. Tsutsumi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mental HealthGraduate School of Medicine The University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Biomedical Research and Innovation (IBRI)KobeJapan

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