Quality of Life Measures in HIV Low Income Women: How to Use Quality of Life to Design, Implement and Evaluate Programs

  • K. A. McDonnell
Reference work entry


As the HIV/AIDS pandemic reaches into the third decade, the face of the pandemic has undergone dramatic transformations. What was once a disease that predominantly affected and infected men who have sex with men is now disproportionately affecting women world-wide. As the pandemic shifts we have seen HIV/AIDS among women go from that of an anomaly to a major public health problem. Women living with HIV/AIDS are predominantly minority,  low income women who find their resources, be they personal, social, familial, political, or economic, stretched to their limits. Investigation into the  quality of life of low income women living with HIV represents an area needing increased attention in the field of HIV/AIDS and one that has been severely understudied. This chapter will present the current working knowledge of the field to assess quality of life among HIV low income women and provide recommendations to further the field in the future. Quality of life measurement tools that have been utilized among women living with HIV will be presented and discussed as to their relative benefits and limitations. The role of quality of life among women living with HIV has been limited in scope and should be broadened to encompass not only research on treatment outcomes, but also  program and intervention planning, implementation and evaluation. Furthermore, the field of quality of life measures in HIV low income women would be greatly strengthened with the integration of an ecological  conceptual framework that encompasses the many roles, responsibilities, and contexts women living with HIV face that directly and indirectly affects their quality of life.


Program Planning Interpersonal Violence HRQOL Measure Gender Base Violence Uninfected Woman 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:


acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome


human immunodeficiency virus


 health related quality of life


medical outcomes study


quality of life


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. A. McDonnell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Prevention and Community HealthGeorge Washington University School of Public Health and Health ServicesWashingtonDC

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