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Health-Related Quality of Life in Eating Disorders

  • C. Las Hayas
  • J. Á. Padierna
  • P. Muñoz
Reference work entry

Abstract:

The measurement of  health related quality of life (HRQL) is currently being used to complement other, more objective or biological measurements such as body mass  index, blood analyses, etc. to evaluate a patient’s state of health. The results of these HRQL measurements provide information regarding the impact that an illness has on the lifestyle and  quality of life of the patient who has it. Until 2006, HRQL measurements in  eating disorders (EDs) were made by employing generic quality of life (QL) instruments or qualitative techniques. The results of generic questionnaires show that patients with EDs present significantly lower QL levels than patients with other psychiatric disorders or somatic illnesses. The qualitative studies show that the greatest impact of the ED is found in the ability to interact socially with other people. The lack of instruments for measuring the impact of EDs on QL has led researchers from various countries (USA, Canada, Australia, and Spain) to design four questionnaires aimed at measuring this HRQL directly in patients suffering from  anorexia nervosa (AN),  bulimia nervosa (BN),  binge-eating, or nonspecific eating disorders (EDNOS). These new, specific self-reports include measurements that previous questionnaires did not evaluate as specific symptoms of EDs, such as the importance of self-image or the specific impact of the ED on social relationships.

Keywords

Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorder Bulimia Nervosa Nottingham Health Profile Emotional Role 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

16D

16-dimension QL measurement

AN

anorexia nervosa

BDI

Beck depression inventory

BMI

body mass index

BN

bulimia nervosa

BSI

brief symptom inventory

DSM

diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders

EAT-40

eating attitudes test 40

ECI

experience of care-giving inventory

ED

eating disorder

EDE

eating disorders examination

EDI

eating disorders inventory

EDNOS

 eating disorder not otherwise specified

EDQLS

eating disorders quality of life scale

EDQOL

eating disorders quality of life instrument

EEE-C

eating and exercise examination

GHQ

general health questionnaire

HERQOLED-S

health-related quality of life for eating disorders – short form

HERQOLEDv2

health-related quality of life for eating disorders questionnaire, second version

HRQL

health related quality of life

ICC

intraclass correlation coefficient

MCID

minimally clinical important difference

MID

minimal important difference

MSCARED

motivational stages of change for adolescents recovering from an eating disorder

NHP

Nottingham health profile

QL

quality of life

QOL ED

quality of life for eating disorders

QOLI

quality of life inventory

SAS-SR

social adjustment scale self-report

SF-12

medical outcome study 12-item short form health survey

SF-20

medical outcome study 20-item short form health survey

SF-36

medical outcome study 36-item short form health survey

STAI

state-trait anxiety inventory

WHO

World Health Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Las Hayas
    • 1
  • J. Á. Padierna
    • 2
  • P. Muñoz
    • 3
  1. 1.CIBER in Epidemiology and Public HealthGaldakao – Usansolo HospitalGaldakaoSpain
  2. 2.Psychiatry UnitGaldakao – Usansolo HospitalGaldakaoSpain
  3. 3.Psychiatry UnitOrtuella Mental Health CenterOrtuellaSpain

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