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Quality of Life and Age Urinary Incontinence Severity: Turkish Perspectives

  • T. M. Filiz
  • P. Topsever
Reference work entry

Abstract:

 Urinary incontinence (UI) is being perceived as a stigmatized condition since ancient times. Not much has changed up to date – although, posing a considerable disease burden and impairing health related quality of life-urinary incontinence (HRQOL- UI) is not perceived as a medical entity by adult females in Turkey, and -due to lack of medical help seeking- probably is underreported. Overall prevalence in Turkey has been reported to be between 16.4 and 68.8%, depending on research setting and methodology. Because HRQOL is a new concept in medical research, there are only few urinary incontinence (UI) studies addressing quality of life (QOL), as well. The studies assessing QOL of individuals with UI are mostly cross-sectional and -except for the recent ones- do not use grade A International Consultation on Incontinence (ICI) recommended instruments. This chapter summarizes the available instruments used for diagnosis, classification and severity grading, as well HRQOL assessment. According to the results of studies on UI and related QOL, the disease burden and bothersomeness created by the condition is impairing QOL and mostly is the determinant for medical help seeking behavior, which is displaying a transcultural trend being in accordance with the world literature. There is a need for a clearinghouse for studies on UI and related QOL to plan and conduct such studies, manage and organize dissemination of evidence, and take action according to health policy needs in that matter.

Keywords

Urinary Incontinence Lower Urinary Tract Symptom Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Urogenital Distress Inventory Incontinence Impact Questionnaire 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

BFLUTS

Bristol female lower urinary tract symptoms questionnaire

DIS

Detrusor instability score

HRQOL

health related quality of life

ICI

International Consultation on Incontinence

ICIQ-SF

International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form

ICS

International continence society

ICSmale-LUTS

International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire lower urinary tract symptoms

IIQ

incontinence impact questionnaire

I-QOL

incontinence QOL instrument

IQOLI

incontinence QOL index

ISI

incontinence severity index

KHQ

King’s Health Questionnaire

LUTS

 lower urinary tract symptoms

MUI

 mixed urinary incontinence

OAB

 overactive bladder

PRAFAB

protection, amount, frequency, adjustment, body image

QOL

quality of life

RCT

randomized controlled trial

SF-36

medical outcomes study (MOS) 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36)

SII

symptom impact index

SSI

symptom severity index

SUI

 stress urinary incontinence

SUIQQ

stress urinary incontince quality of life questionnaire

UDI

urogenital distress inventory

UI

urinary incontinence

UUI

 urge urinary incontinence

WHO

World Health Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. M. Filiz
    • 1
  • P. Topsever
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family MedicineKocaeli UniversityKocaeliTurkey

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