Quality of Life and Age Urinary Incontinence Severity: Turkish Perspectives

  • T. M. Filiz
  • P. Topsever
Reference work entry


 Urinary incontinence (UI) is being perceived as a stigmatized condition since ancient times. Not much has changed up to date – although, posing a considerable disease burden and impairing health related quality of life-urinary incontinence (HRQOL- UI) is not perceived as a medical entity by adult females in Turkey, and -due to lack of medical help seeking- probably is underreported. Overall prevalence in Turkey has been reported to be between 16.4 and 68.8%, depending on research setting and methodology. Because HRQOL is a new concept in medical research, there are only few urinary incontinence (UI) studies addressing quality of life (QOL), as well. The studies assessing QOL of individuals with UI are mostly cross-sectional and -except for the recent ones- do not use grade A International Consultation on Incontinence (ICI) recommended instruments. This chapter summarizes the available instruments used for diagnosis, classification and severity grading, as well HRQOL assessment. According to the results of studies on UI and related QOL, the disease burden and bothersomeness created by the condition is impairing QOL and mostly is the determinant for medical help seeking behavior, which is displaying a transcultural trend being in accordance with the world literature. There is a need for a clearinghouse for studies on UI and related QOL to plan and conduct such studies, manage and organize dissemination of evidence, and take action according to health policy needs in that matter.


Urinary Incontinence Lower Urinary Tract Symptom Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Urogenital Distress Inventory Incontinence Impact Questionnaire 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:


Bristol female lower urinary tract symptoms questionnaire


Detrusor instability score


health related quality of life


International Consultation on Incontinence


International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form


International continence society


International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire lower urinary tract symptoms


incontinence impact questionnaire


incontinence QOL instrument


incontinence QOL index


incontinence severity index


King’s Health Questionnaire


 lower urinary tract symptoms


 mixed urinary incontinence


 overactive bladder


protection, amount, frequency, adjustment, body image


quality of life


randomized controlled trial


medical outcomes study (MOS) 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36)


symptom impact index


symptom severity index


 stress urinary incontinence


stress urinary incontince quality of life questionnaire


urogenital distress inventory


urinary incontinence


 urge urinary incontinence


World Health Organization


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. M. Filiz
    • 1
  • P. Topsever
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family MedicineKocaeli UniversityKocaeliTurkey

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